Tuesday, April 24, 2012

500 apply online for PhD entrance

Nearly five hundred candidates have registered themselves on-line for the PhD entrance take a look at to be organized on April twenty nine. Monday was the last day for filling up the applications forms on-line for the take a look at.

Officials said that the candidates have registered themselves for doctoral analysis in engineering, pharmacy, MBA and MCA subjects.

There are 9 branches in engineering within which students will pursue their PhD thesis. The GTU has conjointly identified branches in pharmacy and management where students will pursue analysis.

Last year, exam varieties of two hundred students were withheld as that they had attendance but what's mandated by the GTU. Later, the GTU had offered the scholars an choice to submit a study paper and form up for attendance shortage.

GTU officers said that this year, the scholars are going to be offered no grace and can need to attend the mandated categories.

Classroom realities

The Supreme Court judgment on April twelve, 2010, upholding the constitutional validity of the proper of youngsters to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 (the RTE Act) has been hailed by some as a 'landmark judgement towards building a cohesive society' whereas others have critiqued a similar as 'a judgment that enables the govt to pass away its responsibility to the personal sector, while not applicable compensation.' 

The essential purpose that's being overlooked is that the RTE Act was created with a wider purpose to confirm that each one youngsters get access to an equitable, quality elementary education that might be kid centred. 

The judgement by creating all personal aided and unaided colleges (with the exception of Madrasas and Vedic pathshalas) adjust to twenty fifth reservation for economically disadvantaged youngsters, spells the thanks to making heterogeneous school rooms that as per the judgement can facilitate 'strengthen the social cloth of democracy through provision of equal opportunities to all'. 

As some extent of principle, nobody can contest that it'll be sensible for all youngsters to be a part of inclusive school rooms, where they're going to learn to measure and respect diversity. However, this judgement has to be seen within the backdrop of the education context because it exists within the country these days. 

There has been a growing shift towards personal schooling within the past few years. National statistics reveal that 187,872,996 students are enrolled in elementary categories in India, out of that sixty nine.5% of the kids are enrolled in government or public colleges and shut to thirty fourth are enrolled in either personal aided or unaided colleges, that represent nineteen.4 a little bit of the entire range of elementary colleges within the country (DISE 2009-10). 

The current discussion following the SC judgement and focussing on the twenty fifth reservation alone, looks to forget that personal colleges don't seem to be homogeneous in nature and vary from terribly low fee charging colleges in rural and concrete slums of India to internationally competitive high fee charging colleges in urban areas, catering to made students. 

While personal aided colleges are to an outsized extent monitored by the state, personal unaided colleges frame their own admission rules and fee structure for college students and tuition fee could vary from Rs thirty to Rs fifteen,000 per month, reckoning on the situation and services provided by the college. 

hough public colleges still enjoyed the most important share (80.3%) of elementary colleges, (even before the SC judgement), virtually one-third of the scholar population selected to pay and enrolled themselves in personal colleges. 

The reasons for this are several amongst that the existence of multi-grade categories and fewer time on task are the foremost important factors owing to lack of adequate range of lecturers in public colleges. 

This has been sadly ratified by the RTE Act, that allocates PTR consistent with college population (1:30) rather than PTR consistent with individual grades. so public colleges, with increasingly declining student populations, owing to exodus to non-public colleges could have primary colleges with say eighty youngsters in Grade 1-VIII with solely 2 lecturers and can still meet the RTE norms. 

Even once the enactment of Act, share of single teacher primary colleges within the public sector remains a high twelve.26%, with states like Arunachal Pradesh having sixty five.12% single teacher primary colleges. 

Low learning levels of youngsters as demonstrated by ASER 2010, whereby solely fifty three.4% of youngsters enrolled in Grade V will scan text of Grade II level and proportion of ordinary I students who will recognise numbers (1-9) declining from sixty nine.3% in 2009 to sixty five.8% in 2010 are ample proof of low quality standards prevailing in public colleges. 

With the SC judgment ratifying twenty five p.c reservation in personal aided and unaided colleges, one can witness an extra exodus to not solely elite personal colleges, however conjointly to low fee charging colleges in slums and rural areas. 

The most vital implication of the judgement lies in Para eight that proclaims that 'State is additionally expected to 1st weed out those colleges that are non-performing, or under-performing or non-compliance colleges and upon closure of such colleges, the scholars and also the teaching and non-teaching employees thereof ought to be transferred to the neighbourhood college.' 

Will this then sound the death toll of public colleges that have already got tiny student populations? conjointly how can colleges make sure that the foremost disadvantaged youngsters e.g. SC, ST and kids with disabilities don't seem to be denied equal chance to enrol within the college of their choice- which can somewhat be the personal college within the neighbourhood? because it is, a lot of ladies are learning in public colleges, how can we tend to make sure that this trend of sending boys to non-public colleges and keeping ladies in public colleges is stalled, since it doesn't support gender equity? 

Undoubtedly, a sturdy regulatory mechanism has to be immediately established in each state to confirm that each public and personal colleges follow the norms and standards directed within the RTE Act. so as to get rid of all money and psychological barriers that a baby belonging to the weaker and disadvantaged cluster could face, a 2 pronged approach can got to be adopted. 

On the one hand, public colleges can got to invest in improving quality of teaching through enhancing pedagogical content data further as accountability frameworks for teacher appraisals. this is often very important, notably in light-weight of the 'no detention policy' that is currently translating into a 'no learning policy'. personal colleges on the opposite hand can got to invest in facilitating a amendment management, since this culture in colleges primarily based on homogeneous category composition, has to embrace diversity and adopt a culture that fosters belongingness and acceptance of all youngsters notably those from economically weaker sections. 

This will involve 'unlearning current practices and culture' prevailing in these colleges. All the higher than can represent a 'paradigm shift in education' and needs immense quantity of investment in amendment management. 

The government at the Centre and state would conjointly got to make sure that the funds needed for extra twenty fifth reimbursement to non-public colleges is formed obtainable primarily based on projections of consecutive eight years, when youngsters from economically weaker sections are going to be gift in each elementary grade. 

The judgment has to be hailed as a step towards furthering social inclusiveness, however a lot of has to be done if we tend to are progressing to implement it in true letter and spirit, with the onus on all stakeholders for upholding the rights of each kid to an equitable quality education. 

Saturday, April 21, 2012

IIMK satellite campus

The Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode (IIMK) is equipped to open a satellite campus at Kochi. The campus are initially housed inside Info-park and can specialise in govt education. The campus is predicted to be practical by October 2012 and begin its providing before the tip of the year. Completion of the whole campus is predicted inside ensuing 3 years. 

 IIMK is that the solely institute within the country that has an internationally accredited govt Management Education Programme. Hence the proposed campus intends to expand the offerings of the institute during this field by beginning full-time and part-time programmes that are targeted towards the center and senior level executives. Alongside there'll be long-term and short-term similarly as specialised courses for executives of the IT sector. 

 Initially, the satellite centre are providing a one-year govt MBA programme similarly as part-time programmes for 2 years. additionally to it, an oversized variety of short durational management development programmes too are on the market. 

 By positioning its satellite campus, IIM Kozhikode is getting to support the expansion and development of business and trade within the region. because the campus are located within the Info-park Kochi, it'll directly facilitate the executives at the park to hone their management skills thereby enhancing the competitiveness of Indian IT sector and boost the IT sector growth of the state. 

 it'll additionally support IIMK's mission of inclusive education because the institute is getting to incubate a finishing faculty to supply specialised programmes for folks belonging to marginalised sections of the society. this may be done with a read to reinforce their skills to enable them to be a locality of the Indian growth story. However, this may be taken up once the full-fledged campus is practical at Kochi.

US India Partners in education

The Indian faculty of Business (ISB) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Institute of Business Administration (IBA) in Karachi to supply govt education in Pakistan on April thirteen, 2012. The MoU was signed at the ISB campus by Deepak Chandra, deputy dean, ISB and Dr Ishrat Husain, dean and director, IBA, Karachi. 

 The collaboration brings along the Centre for govt Education (CEE) at ISB, one among the biggest govt education suppliers in Asia and IBA, the oldest business faculty outside North America, to supply govt education courses to senior management executives wanting to quick track their careers.  Chandra said, "We are delighted to keep company with the IBA to supply govt education programmes. This marks the start of a replacement chapter within the history of distinguished business faculties within the region." 

 This strategic alliance with IBA any fortifies ISB's international footprint and reinforces its position as a thought-leader within the field of management education. 
The move additionally brings the college nearer to realising its overarching mission to cater to the leadership desires of rising markets by increasing interest in management best practices.  Dr Husain said, "I am delighted to be here at Hyderbad to sign a MOU with one among the top-ranking world business faculties - the Indian faculty of Business." He added, As an extended time advocate and firm believer in friendly relations between the 2 neighbouring countries for peace and prosperity of our individuals, this event represents a turning purpose." 

 per the MoU, the course can embrace Open Programmes or short length programmes, Custom-Designed Programmes or specialised programmes similarly as workshops
and seminars. The proposed programmes would specialize in family business, entrepreneurship, business leadership, strategy and connected domains. And later it'll embrace programmes on Public personal Partnership (PPP) similarly.  whereas ISB can specialize in the planning and delivery of the programmes, IBA are going to be to blame for their promoting and promotion. ISB's globally renowned school can conduct the programmes. the primary programme is slated to begin in June 2012.

Career in Aircraft maintenance

World-wide, the business of aircraft maintenance is big, and is about to expand. The approximate variety of aeroplanes currently in service world-wide is around five hundred,000 passenger and cargo aircraft and regarding four million smaller non-public aircraft used for business or pleasure. 

 India is one among the fastest developing countries within the world. attributable to the liberalisation policies of the govt, there's tremendous growth in civil aviation. several non-public airlines and companies viz., Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Air Sahara and Air Deccan are operating nowadays with excellent operating revenues. to satisfy the growing would like of the passenger airlines, cargo aircrafts, non-public air taxi operators, business and company jets, there exists an urgent would like for aircraft maintenance engineers. 

 The aviation business has 2 main branches: flying branch and maintenance branch. whereas pilots fly the aircraft, aircraft maintenance engineers are involved with the upkeep of the aircraft. An aircraft maintenance engineer should get a licence from the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). 

 An aircraft maintenance engineer is liable for the management, maintenance and repair of specialized aircraft instrumentation and connected elements of the aircraft. They additionally learn to line engine controls and to check for his or her correct functioning. They play a significant role among the upkeep personnel to stay the aircraft 'airworthy' the least bit times. the upkeep of recent subtle aircrafts needs high degree of technical data, competence, proficiency, dexterity and integrity on a part of the involved personnel. Aircraft engineers analysis, design, manufacture and maintain aircraft. They work on any and each mechanical facet of the craft, together with airframes, hydraulics and pneumatics, engines and fuel systems and management and communications systems. 

 Engineers are concerned within the following stages of aircraft production and manufacture: the planning of latest product like parts or entire engines; the manufacture and assembly of aircraft parts; analysis into solutions for complicated engineering problems; maintenance of the finished craft to make sure safety and operational standing. 

 A course in aircraft maintenance engineering isn't a degree however a licence course and solely those institutes approved by the DGCA will impart coaching during this subject. The minimum eligibility criterion for obtaining admission into anybody of the institutes is 10+2 or equivalent with physics, chemistry and arithmetic. 

 coaching is imparted for servicing and maintenance of aircraft to make sure one hundred per cent flight safety. once finishing the course and spending the interior exam, you have got to clear the licensing exam conducted by the DGCA. 

 Remuneration during this field is extremely enticing. In Indian Airlines, Air India, Pawan Hans and alternative non-public airlines, engineers get a beginning gross salary of regarding twenty five,000 to 40,000 pm which fits up to one.20 lakh, whereas the whole coaching value is simply around one.25 lakh. 

 the main sorts of specialised courses in AME are: lightweight airframe, significant airframe, jet engine, radio navigation, electrical system, instrument system, piston engine and significant aeroplane. 

 On completion of coaching you may get a Basic Aircraft Maintenance Engineer Certificate (BAMEC) from the DGCA which is able to cause you to eligible for employment within the aviation business. 

 a number of the vital AME coaching institutes are: 

 college of Aviation Science & Technology, Indian Institute of Aeronautics, college of Aeronautics and Indian Institute of Aeronautical science at New Delhi VSM Aerospace and Hindustan Aviation Academy at Bangalore Flytech Aviation Academy, Institute of Aircraft Maintenance Engineers, Rajiv Gandhi Aviation Academy and Hyderabad school of Aviation Tech at Hyderabad Aeronautical coaching Institute, Lucknow Nehru school of Aeronautics & Applied Sciences, Coimbatore Aircraft Maintenance & Engineering Institute, Kolkata Air Force Technical school, Bangalore and Mechanical coaching Institute, Madras.

BITS Pilani Dubai campus introduces PhD programme

BITS Pilani's solely international campus here has announced to begin PhD programmes in engineering, management and allied interdisciplinary once obtaining approval from emirate's information and Human Development Authority (KHDA).The Birla Institute of Technology and Science here has said that the Doctoral programme are going to be offered from this semester.Topics of analysis are often chosen from any of the disciplines within which the Institute offers the primary and better degree programmes, the university said in an exceedingly statement.Topics also can be chosen from interdisciplinary analysis areas, as an example, nanotechnology and nano-science, nano-robotics, micro-electro mechanical systems, mechatronics etc.

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Career in Architecture

With the need for modern infrastructure leading the cause, architecture in India is opening up its avenues for hopeful students, with a diverse ranges of careers in the field, finds

In a city that is dominated by the tallest of towers and complexes, intertwined bridges that connect areas and sectors, architecture is no joke. Structural designs and sleek, modern buildings are taking over - not just the city, but the nation. While there is a satisfying growth spurt in every field we choose to excel at, the youth is now looking to architecture as a career option, with skyscrapers in their eyes and an eye for detail and design.


A regular five-year course offers students the opportunity to explore the numerous facets of architecture and its scope in society. Specialisation in design and planning in the different areas of architecture are also looked into. Shirish Joshi, urban planner and full-time faculty member at Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institute for Architecture, says, "One can specialise in landscape design, urban design and planning, ecological management, environmental design, urban conservation, heritage management, among many others. Graduates also tend to gravitate towards fields like photography and film-making. Over the five-year period, one is able decide on an area of specialisation."

The current trend for budding architects is to look into different methods of architectural design, and just how beneficial these traditional and modern means are when it comes down to actually creating or modelling a structure. Current trends in architecture also help students in narrowing down on their field of choice. Atrey Chhaya, professor, Balwant Sheth School of Architecture, states, "The current scenario works on different kinds of influences. Although the traditional forms of designing are still widespread, contemporary forms such as the use of digital architecture, parametric architecture and landscape urban theories are becoming popular for different projects. There is also a huge shift from the use of drawing and sketching of structures to the use of digital platforms, and how they help in achieving newer and cleaner methods of design."


Architecture novices are expected to earn anything from Rs 7, 500 to Rs 30, 000 at the early stages of their career. Progress is warranted in a field like architecture, which is growing constantly. Nuru Karim, principal, founder director, LIVE Architecture, says, "Salaries depend on the architectural design practice. Interns could probably get less. However, the experience that one gains is crucial and cannot be quantified solely in monetary terms. It's important to take these formative years as an extension of one's continual educational experience. "

Chhaya adds, "Graduating architects can follow interesting avenues in planning, such as regional or city planning for government boards. They can also consider conducting research in cities like Mumbai for redevelopment purposes, and the data they collect is sent to civic bodies such as the MMRDA for future city planning."

Joshi also states that there is tremendous scope for urban design in rural areas and areas that are reserved for affordable housing. The scope for transportation planning is also wide.

Karim adds, "Developing nations shoulder the responsibility of providing housing, infrastructure and sound institutions in education, health and related sectors. It's within this space that architecture is gaining rapid recognition and due importance in both urban and peri-urban areas. There are several challenges as well but the growth potential is enormous. Besides, there have been several leading international architectural firms that have set up shop in India in the last decade."


School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi

Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, Ahmedabad

Rizvi College of Architecture, Mumbai

LS Raheja School of Architecture, Mumbai

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur

Sir JJ College of Architecture, Mumbai

Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh

Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institute for Architecture, Mumbai

Balwant Sheth School of Architecture, Mumbai


The general entrance exam for architecture in India is the NATA (National Aptitude Test). The test scores, along with the class XII scores comprise the eligibility of applicants for the undergraduate course in Architecture (BArch). Some schools in Maharashtra also require candidates to complete the MASA (Maharashtra Association of Schools of Architecture) Common Entrance Test for regional colleges. 

Friday, April 13, 2012

Colour stone grading Course inManipal Institute of Jewellery Management

A coloured-stone grading course was organized in Manipal Institute of Jewellery Management by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), world's foremost authority on diamonds and colour stones from April 9 to 11. Arjun Pansari, instructor from GIA was the resource person for the workshop. 

"Training in this course, accepted internationally, will provide competitive edge to our students in jewellery industry," said MIJM director, Col (retd) M M Shanbhag. 

"This course will provide opportunities for further specialization in gemology," he added. 

Pre University students fear valuation quality

The government and PU lecturers are on a collision course with both refusing to retreat from the brink on Friday, the day one of the strike. The evaluation of II PU answer scripts came to a standstill, but the striking lecturers expressed confidence that this won't derail the PU results schedule. 

Primary and secondary education minister Visveswara Hegde Kageri warned the teachers of punitive action if they didn't call off the boycott by Saturday. Students are worried about the quality of evaluation if the teachers rush through the process later. 

Teachers allay fears of delay in results 

The PU lecturers from across the state who have descended on the Freedom Park said they will call off their strike if the government passes an order stating it will implement the Kumar Naik committee's report. "Or else, we'll carry on our strike till April 19 when we meet the chief minister to resolve the issue," said Shakil Ahmed, secretary , Karnataka State PU Lecturers' Association. 

Shakil allayed fears of a delay in declaring the results. He said, "Even if the government accepts our demands on April 19 , the results won't be delayed. Last year, a four-day strike didn't impact the results or the quality of valuation." 

The results must come before the CET, and the students are jittery. Akshaya Prabhakaran of Mount Carmel College said her batch is unlucky: first, the question paper leak, now the valuation boycott. "Our worry is valuation might be done in a hurry to make up for the loss of time. Our appeal to lecturers: give us what we deserve, our future is at stake." 

With the strike looks set to drag on and the weekend setting in, outstation lecturers working out of Bangalore's 17 centres are heading home. Irshad Ahmed Palega, from Belgaum , said, "Since the strike is indefinite, we've packed our bags to return home." 

Thursday, April 12, 2012

Engineering colleges to get their own exclusive social network

It's our desi facebook. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and Microsoft have collaborated to host a communication service that offers e-mail, instant messaging, Microsoft Office web apps, 10GB inbox for 7.5 million engineering students and 5 lakh faculty members spread over 10,000 technical institutes across the country. 

 Live@edu - to be up and running in the next three months - will use cloud deployment to expand students' access to high-quality technical education. This will allow students to interact and share content both for work and social networking, and even initiate collaborative research projects. 

 Speaking at the occasion HRD minister Kapil Sibal said, ``this is an era of collaboration and we hope to empower 7.5 million students and 5 lakh teachers with this use of technology. It is the first project of its kind.'' 

 Live@edu will be a social networking site linked to its portal, allowing engineering students interact with each other about their projects with applications intended for educational needs and as a solution to provide better communication and collaboration platform both for institutes and students. 

 Talking about the social networking platform, AICTE chairman S S Mantha said the site will help "every student to put their research work on the portal and have an exchange". "This application (live@edu) along with social networking will provide immense opportunities to students to interact and work with other projects," he said. 

 Mantha added, ``Microsoft's cloud platform will make a progressive ecosystem and contribute to the country's technical education by providing a better communication and collaborative platform for institutes and students.'' 

 According to Microsoft, the cloud suite has more than 22 million people using the service. Microsoft MD Sanket Akerkar said that the implementation was underway, and the deployment would be complete by mid-June. 

 The platform will be used for student communication and collaboration. It will include email, calendars with 10GB inbox, 25 GB additional file storage, documents haring, instant messaging, video chat and mobile email. More than 10,000 schools in over 130 countries have enrolled in live@edu.

New norms for schools as SC backs Right to Education

With the Supreme Court throwing its full weight behind the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, (better known as the Right to Education Act or RTE Act) on Thursday, the composition of students in schools as well as the economics of running schools will undergo dramatic changes.

 The apex court upheld the constitutional validity of the Act and directed all schools, including privately-run schools, irrespective of the board they are affiliated to, to admit from this academic year (2012-13) at least 25% students from socially and economically backward families. These students will be guaranteed free education from class I till they reach the age of 14.

 This means the nature of the classroom will change. Until now, several schools were holding a separate shift for students from poor families after the main school was over. Under the RTE Act, they will have to induct these students in the main class - in other words, 25% of every class will have students from socially and economically disadvantaged families.

 While many educationists feel the resultant social integration will make education more meaningful, the reaction of some expensive schools as well as of some parents hasn't been positive. Also, the need to give free education to 25% students is expected to increase the expenditure of schools, which is likely to lead to another round of fee hikes.

 The schools will get a subsidy from the government for giving free education (65% of the subsidy will come from the Centre and 35% from states), but the subsidy is not expected to meet the full cost. The government subsidy will be based on the expenditure per student in government schools or Kendriya Vidyalayas, while many private schools spend (or at least, charge as fee) much more.

 According to estimates, the government spends Rs 3,000 per child per year for primary education. The Centre has given states the freedom to implement its own grants and aids, but many states are financially broke and the grants vary from state to state. For instance, Delhi gives about Rs 1,200 per child per month, while Haryana doesn't give any aid to schools. Some educationists said that now private schools would have to hike fees as 75% of the class would have to pay for the 25% students admitted under the RTE Act.

 Reacting to the Supreme Court order, HRD minister Kapil Sibal said, "I am very happy that the court has set all controversies at rest. One of the biggest controversies was on whether the 25% reservation applies to private schools or not... that controversy has been set to rest."

 The court has, however, sought a clarification from the government on applicability of RTE Act to boarding schools and orphanages as the legislation applied only to day scholars. "To put the matter beyond doubt, we recommend that appropriate guidelines be issued under Section 35 of the 2009 Act clarifying the above position," the bench headed by Chief Justice S H Kapadia said.

 According to 2007-08 statistics quoted by the Supreme Court, out of the 12,50,755 schools imparting elementary education in India, 80.2% were government run, 5.8% private aided and 13.1% private unaided. Of these, 87.2% of the schools were located in rural areas.

 According to RTE activist Kiran Bhatty, former national coordinator for the monitoring of the RTE, several violations had cropped up recently, including non-compliance of the 25% quota for economically weaker sections. Other violations included running two shifts instead of integrating students in the class and conducting admission tests.

 While National University of Planning and Administration's vice chancellor R Govinda did not rule out initial "turmoil", he said some "restructuring" on the part of government and private schools was necessary. He added that there was an increasing "ghettoisation of schools" that will now be discouraged. "The full impact will be seen in 7-8 years when the composition of the student community will change," he said.

 Madarsas and institutions of vedic learning will continue to be outside the ambit of the Act as the HRD ministry has declared them as institutions of religious instruction rather than educational institutions as described under the RTE.

What is RTE? 

 Free school education up to age of 14 for students from socially & economically backward families 

Does RTE apply to all schools? 

 Yes, even private, convent schools, irrespective of the board. Only madrasas & Vedic schools exempt 

What age group does RTE apply to? 

 To children from age 6 to 14, or from Class 1 to 8 

Will there be a fee hike? 

 Most probably as govt subsidy won't meet full cost of providing free education to 25% students 

Will students from poor families be in same classroom? 

 Yes. RTE says these students must be integrated in the main classroom 

Can teachers hold private tuitions? 

 RTE says that no teacher can take private tuitions

Converting knowledge to wealth

The higher education has been concentrating almost on manpower development, as after independence our country required trained manpower in several fields of science and technology. The growth of technology manpower is reflected in the intake of engineering studies. The intake capacity is still low when compared to rise of our population. We can observe a paradox here. This is due to the fact that the job opportunities have not caught up with the increase in the population. The problem is accentuated by the reduction of job due to automation, globalization, productivity enhancement and process improvements. The scenario is the same in higher education, in science and humanities. We find a large number of our highly trained and skilled manpower settling in jobs, which hardly require their specialized knowledge and expertise. As mentioned in the tenth plan, if present access level of six percent to higher is increased by 10%, we will have to create opportunities for more than 10 million graduates annually. The present education system is designed with a focus on skilled manpower development. Our education system is not capable of meeting the type of manpower our country needs now, missing in the present educational system is the synergy between knowledge and creation of wealth. We are exposing the students to knowledge even perhaps at the cutting edge of science and technology. Though we do not teach our students how to create wealth from the knowledge for their own benefit. At least students should be able to think as to how they can use this knowledge profitably. An exposure to a course in a classroom should motivate the students to research on advancement on the current product and or process technologies at least in higher classes. This approach is built in engineering and service education in many advanced universities in the west. It is right time that we do the same in our universities also. 

 Once the universities become a fertile ground for experimenting new ideas and techniques, entrepreneurship will not lag behind. Many of these ideas could be converted into technology based start ups. Innovation of students and faculty could be nurtured into viable business ventures and every university should have around it several business ventures created out of the ideas generated within the university. This is a scenario which will have a cascading effect. When a student enters a university, he/she should be made aware of the fact that the education that he/she receives from the university is not a passport for a job, but the beginning of an exciting phase of life in which he/she could better himself of herself by leveraging the knowledge effectively. University should make a conscious effort to reach out potential users through technology transfer mechanisms. There is need of transformation of university graduates. Universities should lay emphasis on leveraging the knowledge i.e., to convert knowledge into wealth. Essentially, what is to be attempted is to generate innovations, and to convert these innovations in to business concepts. Every year hundred of such innovative ideas are tried out in a university. Even if some of them perish in the course of time the rest will transform the university as a whole. There has to be additional inputs in the curriculum of the students i.e., personal characteristics, capability to devote to exhaustive technical preparatory work. Capacity to utilize available resources, possessing entrepreneurial vision, capacity to appreciate social impact of business, once such individuals are identified, they can be put through a program to transform them into leaders in technology ventures. There is need for knowledge in several other areas other than products and processes to startup ventures. 

 Another most important factor leading to the success of start up business is confidence. Fear of failure deters many potential start up enthusiasts in confidence building. An issue which confronts new start up enthusiasts, is the lack of adequate support mechanisms for the initial years. Except in the case of a few. Parents and relatives do not encourage the youngsters with financial support for setting up their ventures. A dialogue between the parents and the universities, at least in a limited number of cases of students may be helpful. University should have a mechanism to support a limited number of promising youngsters with financial support, at least at subsistence level, for two or three years after their graduation. Lack of exposure to carrying out business is one reason, why many youngsters are reluctant to jump in to business ventures.

 A couple of success stories, no doubt, will motivate hundred of others. An entrepreneurship stream can be thought of in all educational programs. The multidisciplinary teams in addition to the normal education should get additional inputs in technology innovation, intellectual property rights and industry internship. A group approach is advocated, as the risk of failure is generally is less in a group effort. This is because of many reasons, the most important issue is the increase in the confidence level. It is not necessary that all members in the group should have the same background and inter disciplinary groups often seen to perform well. What are required is a meeting of minds from academia, govt. and industry. Universities and industries should come together to identify viable projects, which can go a long way to boost the confidence of the start up ventures. Such a system of industry sponsored projects are in a vogue in other countries. Another advantage is that the students will get real world topics rather than what they themselves could think of. It is very important that Govt. also has to pitch in with more support. Since the universities are to use their existing facilities for incubation to a large extent.